#SmartSudan Policy

Dear President Trump, 

CC: The Honorable Mike Pence, Vice President 
The Honorable Rex Tillerson, Secretary of State
The Honorable Nikki Haley, Ambassador to the United Nations

We ask that the Administration immediately appoint a Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan in order to bring urgently needed diplomatic leadership to facilitate efforts to bring peace in and between the two countries. The complex conflicts in both Sudan and South Sudan present unique challenges that require a high-level senior U.S. diplomatic official to lead policy coordination and collaboration with members of the Troika, African Union, European Union, and United Nations.

We also urge the Administration to focus its attention on reintroducing targeted sanctions against key individuals in the Sudanese regime. In January 2017 the U.S. lifted sanctions on Sudan, pending a six-month trial period to determine if the Sudanese government has made progress in resolving the various conflicts and improving humanitarian access across Sudan. With one month to go in the six-month trial period before its expiration in July 2017, it is clear that the government of Sudan is not willing to change its ways.

The Government of Sudan continues to block humanitarian aid from reaching war-affected populations, negotiations between the government and the rebel opposition has remained at a standstill, and attacks, arrests, and displacement continue. The U.S. must respond and make it clear to the Sudanese government that without concrete policy changes, sanctions and other coercive measures will be reinstated.

Finally, we urge the Administration to work to bring justice to the people of Sudan by providing incentives and disincentives to allied nations to help bring indicted President Omar al-Bashir to appear before the International Criminal Court (ICC) to be judged on allegations of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide in the Darfur region of Sudan.

 

Sincerely,

Act for Sudan
Carl Wilkens Fellowship
CASS
Christian Solidarity International-USA
Coalition of Advocates for South Sudan
Collectif Urgence Darfour – France
Concerned Citizens For Change
Damanga Coalition for Freedom and Democracy
Darfur and Beyond
Euro-African Forum on Rights and Development
Genocide No More–Save Darfur
Global Partnership for Peace in South Sudan
Help Nuba
Human Rights & Advocacy Network for Democracy (HAND)
International Refugee Rights Initiative
Investors Against Genocide
Jewish World Watch
Kol Shalom, Social Action Committee
Massachusetts Coalition to Save Darfur
My Sister’s Keeper
Never Again Coalition
Nuba Mountains Advocacy Group
Nuba Now
NYC Genocide Prevention Coalition
Oregon Coalition for Humanity
Presbyterian Church (USA)
Same Difference Interfaith Alliance
San Francisco Bay Area Darfur Coalition
Stop Genocide Now
Sudan Unlimited
The Nile Institute for Peace and
Development
Together We Remember
UMass Amherst
Union for Reform Judaism
United Church of Christ, Justice and Witness Ministries

 

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Suggested tweet:

#SmartSudan policy requires govt appointees, targeted sanctions, and justice for the Sudanese https://stopgenocidenow.org/2017/06/23/smartsudan-policy-2/ @POTUS @nikkihaley

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Other suggested targets include: @StateDpet @SenBobCorker @RepEdRoyce @USAID

Are You a Florida, Indiana, or Ohio resident? We need your help!

After years of research and development, the U.S. government has new, non-military options to prevent violent conflict. But now these tools, structures, and resources face devastating cuts as the Trump administration solidifies its military-first foreign policy. Senators Rubio (FL), Young (IN), and Portman (OH) have a chance to step up and protect them.

Take action: Urge your FL, IN, and OH Senator to be an original co-sponsor of the Elie Wiesel Genocide and Atrocities Prevention Act of 2017.

The U.S. government needs tools outside of the military to address complex crises that the military should not and cannot solve. But President Trump’s proposed cuts to diplomacy and development will drastically undermine civilian efforts to prevent genocide and mass atrocities.

Tell Senators Rubio, Young, and Portman to lead as original co-sponsors of the Elie Wiesel Genocide and Atrocities Prevention Act of 2017.

We know your advocacy matters. It was as a direct result of outreach from constituents just like you that bipartisan support emerged for a nearly identical bill last year. Please act today.

ISIS, genocide, and international inaction

(Alice Martins/For The Washington Post)

The sister of Salam Mukhaibir collapses as her brother’s body arrives at a Yazidi temple near Iraq’s Mount Sinjar. The 18-year-old was killed in clashes against peshmerga forces in Khana Sour. (Alice Martins/For The Washington Post)

A year ago, I wrote a short blog for Stop Genocide Now that made note of the significant move that ISIS had been declared “genocidal” by the United States. On March 17, 2016, then U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry stated, “Daesh [Arabic name for ISIS] is genocidal by self-proclamation, by ideology and by actions – in what it says, what it believes and what it does.” The statement was made in reference to the genocide committed against groups in areas under the control of ISIS, including Yazidis, Christians, and Shia Muslims. This was especially significant because it was only the second time that the U.S. government had used the term “genocide” in reference to an on-going situation (the first being Darfur in 2004).

At the time, this seemed like a landmark statement and possibly motivation for real action. There was little knowledge of what may happen as a result of this recognition of genocide, but it perhaps gave the victims some hope that someone, somewhere, had recognized that what was happening was not within the normal rules of warfare. At the very least, it appeared as though ISIS would be referred to the UN Security Council for action by the International Criminal Court (ICC).

One year later, and any hope must now be in tatters. Civilians are still being slaughtered, refugees continue to flee the affected areas, and attacks in Aleppo, Mosul, and of course many other areas, remain daily news. It appears as though the international community is fatigued, and the lack of practical action is symbolic of the lack of real progress that can be made. Moreover, any attempts by the UN or ICC to address the actions perpetrated by ISIS through legal channels face stumbling blocks and complicated questions of cross-border jurisdiction. To date, any legal efforts against ISIS have focused on individual actors in specific countries, such as individuals returning from fighting abroad or individuals being detained prior to traveling to fight with ISIS. In part due to the cross-national nature of ISIS-controlled territory, the ICC is struggling to assess how to deal with the crimes. The ICC was established with the aim of addressing state atrocities, not necessarily non-state militant actors who control swathes of territory. Thus, they have been challenged by this case.

The current U.S. administration’s lofty aim to “defeat ISIS” does not reflect the practical realities of life in ISIS-controlled territories. It also ignores the complexities of this long-running conflict. The U.S. Congress should take the first steps towards actually helping the victims of ISIS by reintroducing Resolution H.R. 390, which calls for the provision of emergency aid for the victims of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity in Iraq and Syria. This would be but a first step toward the ending of the genocide, and should be reinforced by legal and practical action to end civilian suffering.

Throughout history, there are scores of examples of forgotten conflicts and of victims who do not receive the justice they deserve. We are at a unique time now, the term “genocide” has been used while crimes are still being committed and the world is able to see the atrocities perpetrated through television, newspapers and social media. There should be no reason that this genocide is added to the lengthy list of those forgotten, or that the victims should not receive justice.

Category: featured, SGN Blog · Tags: , , , ,

Obama’s upsetting decision to lift sanctions on Sudan


In a surprising move, President Obama, with only a week left in his presidency, has made the decision to lift sanctions and open up trade with Sudan; a regime that has and continues to commit genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity against its own people. The announcement is due to be made public today.

Since 1997, the United States has imposed economic, trade, and financial sanctions against Sudan due to its support of terrorism, and since 2003 due to the gross human rights violations in Darfur. Sudan’s President, Omar al-Bashir—an indicted war criminal and génocidaire—has led Sudan’s armed forces and militias to rape, pillage, and kill the non-Arab populations of Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile. Never wavering from his steadfast extermination strategy, Bashir has been able to consistently evade justice and strong international pressure to end the assault on civilian populations.

Warming relations and lifting sanctions with a genocidal regime in the final days of President Obama’s term in office is not only deeply upsetting to rights advocates, it is a slap in the face to all those who suffer under Bashir’s reign of terror, the hundreds of thousands who have been killed, and the millions who have been displaced.

Read more at The Hill

Listen to the Alarm Bells

© UNHCR/Amelia Shepherd-Smith

“Still, at its heart, the Rwandan story is the story of the failure of humanity to heed a call for help from an endangered people.” – Lt. General Roméo Dallaire

Listen to the alarm bells. Do you hear them? They rang for Rwanda, and we did not listen. They’ve rung for Syria for some time now, leaving the people of Aleppo wondering where we are. They now ring for South Sudan. Will we respond?

——

As the world is focused on Aleppo—with good reason—South Sudan is on the brink of genocide and no one is watching. The world’s youngest country falls into the trap of forgotten conflicts, overshadowed and set aside to be dealt with later. The problem is, later is never really an option. Later is when something becomes too big to deal with, too complicated to fix.

According to the UN Commission on South Sudan, there is a “steady process of ethnic cleansing underway in several areas of South Sudan using starvation, gang rape and the burning of villages.” Ban Ki Moon, departing UN Secretary General, accused South Sudanese leaders, including former Vice President Riek Machar, of “manipulating ethnicity for political gain.”

This week, Yasmin Sooka, Chair of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, addressed a special session of the UN Human Rights Council. She was there to discuss the dangerous situation in the country, and to explain to the council the crucial moment we are in as an international community. There is still time for us to stop the violence before it escalates any further. Before it becomes a full-on genocide.

In her address, Sooka detailed the horrific extent to which rape is being used as a weapon of war, describing “the levels of gang rape in this conflict as epic” (70% of the women in the Civilian Protection Camps have reported being raped; 78% had been forced to watch violent sexual attacks). She underscored that the violence is ethnically motivated, that civilians are being slaughtered, and that children are being forced into the role of child soldiers.

This is not a case ofoh, things might get bad in South Sudan.” Things are bad, and they are about to get a whole lot worse. As Sooka explained, “to be frank, we’re running out of adjectives to describe the horror.”

As it stands, The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) puts the current number of refugees who have fled the violence at 1,263,681. In October alone, people were fleeing at a rate of 3,500 per day. Per day. The death toll is rising, and the worry is that once the rainy season ends it will only get worse.

Still awaiting the Regional Protection Force (RPF) approved in August by the Security Council, and seeing the expulsion of international aid workers, as well as the silencing of independent media, the warning signs are clear for the people of South Sudan. It is only a matter of time.

We stand now at a defining moment. Will we as an international community live up to our responsibility and stop a looming genocide? Or, will we continue to wait and see as the people of South Sudan pay the price?

 

TAKE ACTION

 

Tweet:

Listen to the alarm bells. #SouthSudan is on the brink of genocide. Will you act? cc: @POTUS @AmbassadorPower @UN http://bit.ly/2hnLgIT

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